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anyone和any one的区别

 

anyone(或any one)是一个单词还是两个单词呢?答案取决于我们怎么去使用这个单词或短语。在这两个词之间加上空格,它的性质也就发生了变化。

不定代词anyone(一个词语)指的是所有的人都是如此,没有出现例外的个人。

any one(两个词)是一个形容词短语,指的是一个群体中的任意一个成员(可以是人,也可以是物)。any one通常后面会接上介词of。

 

A similar distinction applies to anybody and any body, nobody and no body.
anybody和any body,nobody和no body之间的区别也与这个类似。

 

 

例子

 

 

"People pushing wagons were likely to knock down anyone in their path."
推着车子的人们可能会将路上的任何人击倒。

 

 

(Isaac Bashevis Singer, "The Key." The New Yorker, 1970)
(艾萨克·巴什维斯·辛格,《钥匙》。纽约,1970)

 

 

"No one has time any more for anyone else. You're one of the few who put up with me."
没有人愿意将时间浪费在他人身上。你是为数不多的能容忍我的人。

 

 

(Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451. Ballantine Books, 1953)
(雷·布莱伯利,《华氏451度》,1953)

 

 

Any one of your buddies, if he's careless enough, could turn out to be your enemy.
你的任何一个朋友,如果他十分粗心大意,那么他就会成为你的敌人。

 

 

"She never admitted that any one of her pupils, even the ones who were unmistakably tone deaf, were deficient in musical talent."
她从未承认过自己有学生,即使是那些五音不全,缺乏音乐天赋的。

 

 

(Tennessee Williams, "The Resemblance Between a Violin Case and a Coffin." Flair, 1951)
(田纳西·威廉斯,《琴盒与棺材的相似点》。弗莱尔,1951)

 

 

"In the art room, a class that used to sit through the interminable 'slide show' is now engaged in a Web tour of the works in the Louvre and can zoom in to study the fine details of any one of the paintings."
“美术教室里,以往不得不耐着性子看完‘幻灯片秀’的同学们,此时正专心致志地借助网络欣赏着卢浮宫的作品,研究者每幅画作的精美细节。”

 

 

(Robert T. Tauber and Cathy Sargent Mester, Acting Lessons for Teachers, 2nd ed. Praeger, 2007)

 

 

(罗伯特T.陶博和凯西·萨金特·美斯特尔,《教师表演课程》,第二版,普雷格,2007)

 

 

Usage Note

用法提示

 

 

"What's the difference between anyone and any one? Or between everyone and every one? First, they are all grammatically singular, regardless of meaning. But there is a difference in meaning between the one- and two-word versions: when you type anyone or everyone, you're referring to people; when you type any one or every one you may be referring to people, but not necessarily--it depends on what follows or what is understood."
anyone和any one,或者说everyone和every one的区别在哪里呢?首先,把意义放在一边,从语法上讲它们都是单数,但是,一个词语和两个词语在意思上是存在差别的,当你输入anyone或everyone时,你指的是人;当你输入any one或every one时,你指的就不一定是人了。这取决于后面的词语或者人们的理解。

 

 

For example, perhaps you mean 'any one of the customers' or 'every one of the customers' (in which case you are referring to people); or maybe you mean 'any one of the petunias' or 'every one of the petunias' (in which case you are not referring to people). In sum, any one and every one mean one of a group (of people or things), rather than one person (anyone) or a bunch of people (everyone)."
例如,你想表达的是‘顾客中的任何一个’或者‘顾客中的每一个’(这种情况下你指的是人);或者你想说‘喇叭花中的一朵’或‘每一朵喇叭花’(这种情况下你指的就不是人)。总而言之,any one和every one指的是一个群体(人或物)中的一个,而不是单独的一个人(anyone)或一群人(everyone)。

 

 

(Janis Bell, Clean, Well-Lighted Sentences: A Guide to Avoiding the Most Common Errors in Grammar and Punctuation. W.W. Norton, 2008)
(佳尼斯·贝尔,《干净利落的句子:语法和标点常见错误规避指南》。W.W.诺顿,2008)

 

 

练习

 

 

(a) Does ______ know who first said, "You can't trust anybody over 30"?

 

 

(b) If ______ of the 25 barons should die, the remaining barons shall choose a replacement.

 

 

答案

 

 

1.anyone

 

 

2.any one